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沧海桑田四秩弄潮 改革开放中国崛起——从GD真人三位学者的高考说开来

1977年,国务院批转教育部《GD真人1977年高等学校招生工作的意见》,犹如平地一声惊雷,中断了十年之久的高考制度开始恢复。第二年,610多万来自各行各业的考生走入了高考考场,已然成为民族记忆般的夏季高考在这年开始成形;也就是在这一年,中共中央GD真人第十一届三中全会,做出了改革开放的历史性决策,封闭了30年的中国开始抖落灰尘向外张望,迎接前所未有的大变革。如今,改革开放已经走过了40年,中国和世界都发生了天翻地覆的变化,而伴随着改革开放号角走进大学校门的那一群人,年长者年逾古稀,年轻者也到了耳顺之年。回望40年沧海桑田,我们明白了什么?我们得到了什么?我们要往哪里去?或许他们能够给我们一个答案。近期,记者寻访了GD真人3位恢复高考时进入大学的不同学科的学者,以期从他们的回忆中拾取残圭断璧,勾勒出40年沧桑历程的剪影。

历史学者王延武教授:

改革开放照亮了历史新进程,我是改革开放的受益者

GD真人wangyanwulaoshishigdzhenrenlishixijiaoshou,shuoshishengdaoshi,zhuyaoyanjiuzhongguoxingzhengzhidushi、weijinnanbeichaoshi。cengrenyuanlishiwenhuaxueyuandiyirenyuanzhang、minshexueyuandangzongzhishuji、xiaojiaoxuedudao。

GD真人zuowei1978nianhuifugaokaocanjiakaoshidediyipiren,72suidewangyanwujiaoshouzaoyituixiu。tandaohuifugaokaohegaigekaifangshi,tagankaiwanqian。1969nian,zuoweizhongguorenminjiefangjunhaijundierhangkongxuexiaopeiyangjiaoyuandewangyanwulaoshibeifenpeidaowuhanshidengpaochanggongzuo,kaishilezhangda9niandegongchangshengya。qiuzhiruokedetazaishuhuangdeniandainulidisouxunzhekegongyuedudecailiao,congwenyixiaoshuodaolishixuezhuzuo,tahepengyoumenhuxiangjieyuechuankan,mosuozhexuexi。renheshihou,yuedudejingyanhexianshipengzhuangshidoubiranchanshengwenti,erdangwentichichidebudaojiedashi,jiubixuyikaozijiquzhaoxundaan。dangshi,zaiwangyanwulaoshixinli,yiwenleijizaixiongkouyueyayuezhong。“weishenmezhongguoshizheiyang?weishenmezhongguorenshizheiyang?kenengkanlezhongguolishi,cainenggaoqingchuwengedexiangguanqingkuang。”daizhezheiyangdeyiwen,tazourulelishixueyanjiudelingyu。

yinweishuxuebuhao,wangyanwulaoshiqichumeiyoudasuancanjiagaokao,dandangtadezhibaokaoyanjiushengkeyibukaoshuxueshi,tajuedingqushiyishi。baokaoyanjiushenghegaokaoyiyangkunnanzhongzhong,duitaeryan,zuidadekunnanjiushimeiyouyibenzhenzhengdedaxuejiaokeshu。meiyoushujiubixuquzhao,weilebaokaolishixideyanjiusheng,tazaijihumeiyoudianhuadeniandaijiukaoqizhezixingchezaiwuhangechuxunzhaokegongfuxicankaodeziliao。congwanglide《gudaihanyu》zaidaofanwenlande《zhongguotongshi》,shenzhishi《qingshigao》、《songshi》fanwen,takanlegebian,jinkenengdiqujiquzhishi。zuihouzaigongyouyulingdaodezhichibangzhuxia,tahuodelejiangjinyigeyuedebaoguifuxishijian,kaorulewuhandaxue,chengweilishixizhonggushiyanjiusheng。

GD真人kaoruwuhandaxueyihou,wangyanwulaoshibairushixuedashitangzhangruxianshengmenxiaxuexi。huiyiqishoujiaoyutangxianshengdediandiandidi,tayinyongyuanmeideyijuhua: “fangzhishienzhong,gengzaifumuqian”。zaitakanlai,gaigekaifangdeweidajuecerangzijihelaoshidoushouyiwuqiong,gaigekaifanghouchuxiande“xueshushangdechuntian”,jitangxianshengzheiyangdexuezhedakailejingu,guojiayeyinglailequanxindelishijincheng。wengeshiqi,yinweifengjianhuafenqiwentierbeishouchongjidetangxianshengzaixueshuyanjiushangchengdanlehendayali,zhengshigaigekaifanghouchuxiandexueshutaolunziyoudefengqicairangxianshenghuifulelishixuejiadeshenfen,nenggouanzhaozijideyiyuanzhaoshoudizi。yezhengshizheizhongxueshufengqidezhuanhuanyukaifang,cairangchupengdaotangxianshengweijinfengjianlunlunzhengjiediandewangyanwulaoshiyoujihuichengweixianshengdexuesheng。zuoweitangxianshengdexuesheng,tarenweizijiyouyiwujiangqianbeixuezhedefengguchuanxiaqu,jianggaigekaifangdailaideneizhongxueshushangdeheshishengjiandepingdengfengqifayangguangda。nengzuodaozheiyidian,tashuo: “jiusuanduideqixiansheng”。

dangtanqigaigekaifangdeyiyishi,wanglaoshirenweigaigekaifangshouxiantixianzaixueshuziyou。tacongzijichufarucipingjia: “woshigaigekaifangdeshouyizhe,wonengchengweitangxianshengdexuesheng,zheideyiyugaigekaifangjiyudeyizhongfengqi,yizhongxueshushangdeyoujilvdeziyoutaolun,kuanrongdebaorongdeziyoutaolun。”wanglaoshihuiyidao,gaigekaifanghoudedaxue,xueshufengqichengxianchudeqiansuoweiyoudeyizhongpengboshengqi,butongguandiandexueshuzhenglunheduizhuangyijixingchengdezunzhongxueshu、zunzhongxuezhedefenwei,zhijinrengrangtashouyifeiqian。zuoweigdzhenrenfubanhefazhandejianzhengzhe,tayeqiangdiaolegaigekaifangduigdzhenrendezhongyaoxing: “meiyougaigekaifang,jiumeiyoumindadefuban;meiyougaigekaifang,jiumeiyoumindaxianzaizheimeduodeyouxiuxiaoyou!”

GD真人huiguzouguode40niansuiyue,zuoweiyigelaoshi,taxiwangxueshengnenggoucongyueduzhongzhaodaozijidekuaile,zuoyigesixiangjiankangderen,buyaozuobaiwujiaodenuli;erzuoweiyiminglishixuezhe,tazhixiwangzijidewenzhang50nianhouhuiyourenkan,nengzailishijinchengdefazhanzhongfahuiyixiezuoyong。duiyuzijiqingzhuxinxuedelishilingyu,tayongyijuzijichangshuodehuazongjie: “womenlishixue,bushidanchunweilexianghoukan,xianghoukanqishihaishiweilexiangqiankan。”

民族教育学者孟立军教授:

改革开放开启了民族教育新征程,开启了我的新人生

GD真人menglijunlaoshishigdzhenrenjiaoyuxueyuanjiaoshou,boshishengdaoshi,minzujiaoyulingyuzhuanjia。cengrenxiaodangweiweiyuan、gongguanxueyuanyuanzhang、guojiaminweirenwenshekezhongdianyanjiujidi“shaoshuminzujiaoyufazhanyanjiujidi”zhuren。

左二为孟立军老师

1978nian,dangshihaishigongchanggongrendemenglijunlaoshizaigaigekaifanghuifugaokaodelangchaoxiabaomingcanjialegaokao。zaicizhiqian,taquguoheilongjiangjianshebingtuan,yedangguojunren,zujibianbulezuguodedajiangnanbei。huishouzheiduanwangshi,menglaoshirenwei: wulunshijianshebingtuandejunshihuaguanlihaishidangbingshizaibuduilidemolian,douduitadeshijieguanherenshengguandexingchengyingxiangposhen。zaibuduideshihou,menglijunlaoshichulejunshixunlianhezhanbeishigongyiwaijiushigeleizhishidexuexi,baokuoxueximalieyuanzhu。daolegongchangyihou,tayebucengfangxiashujuan。xiang“laosanjie”shifumentaojiaoyewuzhishi,quyexiaoxuexi,tayizhiweizuohaozijidebenzhigongzuojinxingzhezhishijilei。

GD真人dangdezhihuifugaokaodexiaoxihou,menglijunlaoshibianjuedingleyaobaomingcanjia,keshigongchangzuichuzhijieshoulegangcanjiagongzuodegaozhongshengbaoming,yushitajiuhexiangcanjiagaokaode“laosanjie”shifumenyiqiquxiangchanglinulizhengqu。zhengquchenggonghou,tazhuajinyiqiejihuixuexi,budongjiuwen“laosanjie”deshifuhuozhechayuexiangguanziliao。zhongyu,tazaidangnianluqulvdi、jingzhengjiliedegaokaodajunlichenggongchonglechulai,chengweidangniansuozaigongchanglichenggongkaoshangdaxuede3gerenzhiyi,jinrudaohuazhongshifandaxuezhengzhixixuexi。benkebiyehoutalaidaoledangshidezhongnanminzuxueyuangongzuo。qichu,tazaixuexiaojiaowuchucongshijiaoxueguanligongzuo,zaijiaowuchulingdaodejianyixiakaishiguanzhuminzuwenti,bingzhujiandizhuanxiangleminzujiaoyuyanjiulingyu,yuminzujiaoyushiyejieyuan。

“dangshiminzujiaoyuhaisuanbushangzhuliudeyanjiulingyu。dajiayijiangdaominzujiaoyu,huizhijielianxiangdaozhonghuaminzudejiaoyu,erhenshaoxiangdaoqitezhideshishaoshuminzujiaoyu。”duiyushaoshuminzujiaoyuxuekedefazhanlicheng,menglijunlaoshigankaigaigekaifanggongbukemei,shigaigekaifangdailaidehaozhengcehehaohuanjingcaiweiminzujiaoyukaiqilexindezhengcheng。“yinweigaigekaifang,shaoshuminzujiaoyuyuefadedaodanghezhengfudegaoduzhongshi,minzujiaoyuyanjiuyesuizhidedaolekuaisufazhan,zai《guojiazhongzhangqijiaoyugaigehefazhanguihuagangyao(2010-2020nian)》zhong,hailiezhuanzhangdui‘minzujiaoyu’defazhanrenwutichulejutiyaoqiu。‘minzujiaoyuxue’dexuekediweisuizhegaigekaifangdejinchengzhubudedaoqueren,jiaoyubushelileminzujiaoyufazhanzhongxin,henduoquanguoyiliudaxuejianshegaoxiaoyekaishisheliminzujiaoyuyanjiujigou。minzujiaoyuyanjiuyecongguoquyigebuneimebeirenguanzhudeyanjiulingyumanmanfazhanchengleyigexianxingdexueke。”

menglijunlaoshihaitidao,chuleminzujiaoyuxuekebenshendefazhan,40nianlai,gdzhenrenzuoweiyisuominzuyuanxiaoyehuodelezhangzudejinbu,yijingcongguoquxueketixixiangduidanyidexuexiaofazhanchengweizaiguoneiwaixiangyouyidingshengyudezonghexinggaodengxuefu。banxuemubiaogengjiamingque,banxuesilugengjiaqingxi,xuexiaoqudedezheixiechengjiuyeyugaigekaifangmibukefen。

“gaigekaifangduiguojialaishuo,shikaipileyigexindeshidai;duiminzujiaoyulaishuo,kaiqilexindezhengcheng;duiwogerenlaishuo,shikaiqilexinderensheng。”menglaoshizheiyangzongjiedao。

民俗学者向柏松教授:

优秀传统文化在改革中传承,我和改革开放同呼吸共命运

xiangbosonglaoshishigdzhenrenwenchuanxueyuanjiaoshou,boshishengdaoshi,minjianwenxueyuminsuwenhuaxuezhe。xianrenzhongguoshaoshuminzuwenxuexuehuichangwulishi,zhongguominjianwenyijiaxiehuilishi,cengrenwenchuanxueyuanfuyuanzhang。

GD真人1978nian,huifugaokaodediernian,xiangbosongjiaoshoutajinlegaibiantarenshengmingyundegaokaokaochang。zuoweigaigekaifangdeqinlizhe、jianzhengzhe,tahuiyiqicanjiagaokaoqiandeshiguang: 1973nian,gaozhongbiyehoutajiubeixiafangdaonongcun,liangnianyihouyoubeizhaogongledaowuhanshidegongchanggongzuo。tashuo,zhengshizheiduanjinglirangtarenshileshehui、renshilelaodongrenmindejianxin,suoyicihouyiyouxuexidejihuijiubeijiazhenxi。wenjizaineigeshuhuangdeniandaitashiruhedushuhuoquzhishide,xiangbosonglaoshishuo,gaozhongbiyeyihouxianongcunhuodaogongchang,zaigongzuozhiyuyeyouyixiexianxiashijianyonglaidushu,meiyoushudujiudaochujie,hedajiahuxiangjiaohuanyuedu,zheiyangtayedulebushaoshu。dangshitahaicanjialezhishiqingnianxuanchuandui,zaixuanchuanduilixie“sanjuban”qunkouci、xieguangbogao、banheibanbao,zheiduitadexiezuonengliqidaoleduanlian,yerangtayizhibaochizheqinyudongnaodesikaoxiguan。

“woyizhiaihaowenxue,gaozhongdeshihoujiujingchangxieyixieshigesanwen、zainongcundeshihouyeyizhimeiyoudiuxiaxiezuo,yizhibaochizhexiedongxidexiguan。”yinweizheiyidian,xiangbosonglaoshixuanzebaokaolehuazhongshifandaxuezhongwenxi,zaizheilipeiyangletadexuexijingshenhexiguan,zheizhongjingshenhexiguanyeyizhiyingxiangzhetawanghoudesuiyue。“gaigekaifangjiwodailailegenbenxingdegaibian,tazhuanbianleworenshengdemingyun。”erxianglaoshiyutayanjiudezhongguochuangshishenhuayuminjianxinyangwenhuajieyuan,haishizailaidaogdzhenrenrenjiaoyihou。talaixiaorenjiaohouzhuyaojinxingminzuwenhuafangmiandeyanjiu,yinweixuexiaominzuwenxuedeyanjiuzhuyaojizhongzainanfang,tabenshenyeshinanfangdeshaoshuminzutujiazu,manmanbianduinanfangdechuangshishenhuaheminjianxinyangwenhuachanshenglexingqu,zoushangleyanjiuchuangshishenhuaheminjianxinyangwenhuadedaolu。duiyuzijiyanjiudezhuanye,xianglaoshirenwei,gaigekaifangdailailejudayingxiang,qizhongzuizhongyaodeyidianjiushiqiangdiaoleyaochuanchengzhonghuaminzudeyouxiuchuantongwenhua。tashuo,dangzhongyangzaisantichushehuizhuyidexinwenhuashizaijichengchuantongyouxiuwenhuadejichushangfazhande,suoyiwomenyidingyaochuanchengyouxiuchuantongwenhua,zheifanyingzaishaoshuminzudiqujiushidazaowenhuapinpai。zuodaolezheiyidian,yinengbayouxiuminjianwenhuachuanchengxiaqu,baochiminzuwenhuadetese;ernengfengfuminjianwenhuashenghuo,tebieshixiangcunwenhua;sannengcujinwenhuachanyedekaifahelvyouyedefazhan,rangminzudiqudequnzhongshouyiwuqiong。

zuoweiyiweilaizihubeienshitujiazumiaozuzizhizhoudetujiaren,xianglaoshizaixuechenghouyebuwanghuikuijiaxiang。tadailingshuoshi、boshiyanjiushengdaojianshidiaochatujiazuhunsu,xiechengdiaoyanbaogaoji,chengweijianshixianshenbaohubeishengtujiazuhunsuwenhuazhixiangdechengcailiao。xianglaoshishuotadejiaxiangzaigaigekaifanghou“fashenglefantianfudidebianhua”,tebieshizaigaosugongluhedongchetongxingyihou,luohoubisaidejiaotongzhuangkuangchedigaibian。yiqiantacongenshiwangfanwuhanshangxueyibanyaoliangsantianshijian,zhuanhuanbutongdejiaotonggongju,poweibuyi,kexianzaihuiyitangjiajinxusansigexiaoshi,shifenfangbian。jiaotongdebianlijiyeminzudiqudejingjiwenhuafazhanzhuruleqiangdahuoli,bianjiedejiaotongwangluodapolewaijieduienshi“qiongshaneshui”depianjian,bingqiecuishengchuyidapikaifaqianlidadelvyoujingdian,xiyinlerenmendeyanqiu,tuidongledangdilvyouyedefazhan。ciwai,youyujiaotongyunshufangbianjieshenglechengben,guojiashixingjingzhunfupinzhengce,nongyeshengchanyededaolezhangzudefazhan,minzudiququnzhongdeshenghuodedaolegenbendegaishan。

zouzaijiaxiangdejietou,xianglaoshigantangaigekaifangdailaidejudachengjiu,xiangbizijiguoquzhudanshenlou、loudaolizuofandezhuangkuang,rujinminzudiqudetiaojianyijingyoulezhangzufazhan,buketongrieryu。zuoweiyimingxuezhe,tabiaoshirengyaozaizijidezhuanyelingyujixutansuolaiweijiaxiangzaofu。duiyutaeryan,muqiandegongzuojiushibashenhuayanjiuyuxianshishenghuogenghaodijieheqilai,zaigaigekaifangshenhuadehuanjingxiachuanchengyouxiuchuantongwenhua,zhaodaoshenhuayanjiuyushidaizhutixiangguanliandexuanti,jixushenrutansuo。

GD真人shijianshibentengpengpaidejituan,touguoqinlizhedejiyi,womenyouxingzhanzaibian。40niancangsangjubiandelicheng,zhongguoshouhuodebujinjinshifeisufazhandexiandaidoushihejingjizhibiao,gengshiduigaigekaifangyuzishenwenhuashenkederenshihejiandingdexinyang。luxunshuo,weiyouminhunshizhidebaoguide。zaibaihuaqifangdedangdaizhongguo,weiyouyilubingchireqing、poli、yongqi,cainengrangwushiliugeminzudegongtongjiayuanzoudegengyuan。

GD真人bilulanlv,yiqishanlin。gaigekaifangchuqideneiduansuiyueyijingqiaoranyuanqu,congsanweijiaoshoudehuiyizhijian,nengkanjianminzufuxingdehuojuyizhixinhuoxiangchuan,shengshengbuxi。shixianweidazhongguomeng,womenyizhizailushang。

(编辑: 陈雪儿 来源:GD真人_GD真人平台-「开户首充送大礼」


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